Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)


3 Months Ended
Jun. 30, 2021
Income Tax Disclosure [Abstract]  
The Company’s effective tax rate was 25.4% and (4.8)% during the three months ended June 30, 2021 and June 30, 2020, respectively. The effective tax rate in the three months ended June 30, 2021 includes the impact of impairment losses, utilization of net operating losses in certain foreign jurisdictions and adjustment to its valuation allowances against future realization of deductible business interest expense. The Company’s provision for income taxes for the interim period ended June 30, 2021 was prepared by applying the estimated annual income tax rate for the full fiscal year to income from continuing operations, excluding discrete items, for the reporting period. For the interim period ended June 30, 2020, the Company utilized the discrete effective tax rate method to report its provision for income taxes.
The relationship between the Company’s provision for or benefit from income taxes and the Company’s pre-tax book income can vary significantly from period to period considering, among other factors, (a) the overall level of pre-tax book income, including asset sales, (b) changes in the blend of income that is taxed based on gross revenues or at high effective tax rates versus pre-tax book income or at low effective tax rates and (c) the Company’s geographical blend of pre-tax book
income. Consequently, the Company’s income tax expense or benefit does not change proportionally with the Company’s pre-tax book income or loss. Significant decreases in the Company’s pre-tax book income typically result in higher effective tax rates, while significant increases in pre-tax book income can lead to lower effective tax rates, subject to the other factors impacting income tax expense noted above. The change in the Company’s effective tax rate excluding discrete items for the three months ended June 30, 2021 compared to the three months ended June 30, 2020 primarily related to changes in the blend of earnings taxed in relatively high taxed jurisdictions versus low taxed jurisdictions. Additionally, the Company increased its valuation allowances by $0.7 million and released its valuation allowance by $3.3 million for the three months ended June 30, 2021 and 2020, respectively.
Valuation allowances are presented as reductions to the Company’s deferred tax assets. The Company evaluates its deferred tax assets quarterly, which requires significant management judgment to determine the recoverability of these deferred tax assets by assessing whether it is more likely than not that some or all of the deferred tax asset will be realized before expiration. After considering all available positive and negative evidence using a “more likely than not” standard, the Company believes it is appropriate to value against deferred tax assets related to foreign tax credits and certain foreign net operating losses.
The benefit of an uncertain tax position taken or expected to be taken on an income tax return is recognized in the condensed consolidated financial statements at the largest amount that is more likely than not to be sustained upon examination by the relevant taxing authority. Interest and penalties, if any, related to uncertain tax positions would be recorded in interest expense and other expense, respectively.