FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES
|9 Months Ended|
Dec. 31, 2020
|Fair Value Disclosures [Abstract]|
|FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES||FAIR VALUE DISCLOSURES
The fair value of an asset or liability is the price that would be received to sell an asset or transfer a liability (an exit price) in the principal or most advantageous market for the asset or liability in an orderly transaction between market participants on the measurement date. The Company utilizes a fair value hierarchy that maximizes the use of observable inputs and minimizes the use of unobservable inputs when measuring fair value and defines three levels of inputs that may be used to measure fair value. The fair values of the Company’s cash and cash equivalents, accounts receivable and accounts payable approximate their carrying values due to the short-term nature of these items.
Assets and liabilities subject to fair value measurement are categorized into one of three different levels depending on the observability of the inputs employed in the measurement, as follows:
•Level 1 – observable inputs that reflect quoted prices (unadjusted) for identical assets or liabilities in active markets.
•Level 2 – inputs that reflect quoted prices for identical assets or liabilities in markets which are not active; quoted prices for similar assets or liabilities in active markets; inputs other than quoted prices that are observable for the asset or liability; or inputs that are derived principally from or corroborated by observable market data by correlation or other means.
•Level 3 – unobservable inputs reflecting the Company’s own assumptions incorporated in valuation techniques used to determine fair value. These assumptions are required to be consistent with market participant assumptions that are reasonably available.
Old Bristow Preferred Stock Embedded Derivative
The fair value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock embedded derivative relied on the income approach which was derived from Level 3, unobservable inputs that required significant estimates, judgments and assumptions relating to the Company’s equity volatility, capitalization tables, term to exit and equity value. The Old Bristow Preferred Stock was converted into Old Bristow Common Stock immediately prior to consummation of the Merger.
Changes in the fair value of the New Preferred Stock derivative liability, carried at fair value, are reported as change in fair value of the Preferred Stock derivative liability in the condensed consolidated statements of operations. For the nine months ended December 31, 2020 (Successor), the Company recognized non-cash expense of approximately $15.4 million due to an increase in the Preferred Stock derivative liability related to the embedded derivative in the New Preferred Stock.
The following table provides a rollforward of the preferred stock embedded derivative Level 3 fair value measurements for the nine months ended December 31, 2020 (Successor):
The Old Bristow Preferred stock embedded derivative considered settlement scenarios which are further defined in Note 11 to the condensed consolidated financial statements. A number of the settlement scenarios required a settlement premium. The specified premium depended on the timing of the liquidity event, ranging from a minimum of (a) 17% Internal Rate of Return (the “IRR”) (b) 2.1x Multiple of Invested Capital (the “MOIC”) and (c) 14% Internal Rate of Return (the “IRR”) if the liquidity event is prior to 3 years, to (y) a 2.1x MOIC and (z) 17% IRR if the liquidity event is in 5 years or more. The fair value for the embedded derivative was determined using a “with” and “without” approach, first determining the fair value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock (inclusive of all bifurcated features) with the features and comparing it with the fair value of an instrument with identical terms to the Old Bristow Preferred Stock without any of the bifurcated features (i.e., the preferred stock host).
The fair value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock was estimated using an option pricing method (“OPM”) allocating the total equity value to the various classes of equity. As of June 11, 2020 (Successor), Old Bristow assumed an expected term of 6 years, a risk-free rate of 0.38% and volatility of 85%. Without the redemption or conversion features, the holders of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock would have had right to perpetual preferred with 10% paid-in-kind (“PIK”) dividends, or the right to any upside value from conversion into common stock if the value exceeded the minimum return provided for under the COD (as defined herein). The value of converting to common stock on the upside would be measured as the residual upon a liquidity event. Therefore, the fair value of the host was estimated as the value of the upside conversion into common shares, which was also estimated using the OPM. The valuation as of June 11, 2020 resulted in a decline in fair value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock embedded derivative of $15.4 million from March 31, 2020 (Successor).
On June 11, 2020, immediately before the Merger was executed, Old Bristow exercised its call right (the “Call Right’) pursuant to section 8 of the Certificate of Designation of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock (“COD”). This provision entitled Old Bristow to repurchase the shares upon a Fundamental Transaction (which included a merger or consolidation) for a repurchase price equal to (i) the Liquidation Preference plus (ii) the present value of the dividends that would have accrued from the call date to the 5th anniversary of the issuance date (had the Call Right not been exercised) multiplied by the Make-Whole Redemption Percentage (equal to 102% because the Call Right was exercised before the 3rd anniversary of the issuance date). Upon exercise of the Call Right, Old Bristow issued 5.17962 shares of Old Bristow Common Stock to the remaining holders of the Preferred Stock for each share of Preferred Stock held.
The carrying values of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock were derecognized, including the Old Bristow Preferred Stock embedded derivative, and Old Bristow recognized the Old Bristow Common Stock issued to the holders of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock at its fair value. The difference between (a) the carrying value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock embedded derivative plus the carrying value of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock host and (b) the fair value of the Old Bristow Common Stock paid as consideration for the Old Bristow Preferred Stock was recognized in retained earnings because the fair value of the Old Bristow Common Stock was less than the combined carrying values of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock host and
embedded derivative. In addition, immediately prior to the Merger, Old Bristow repurchased 98,784 shares of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock and 142,721 shares of Old Bristow Common Stock. The repurchase of the Old Bristow Preferred Stock was accounted for in the same manner as the share-settled redemption described above in connection with the Merger.
Fair Value of Debt
The fair value of the Company’s debt has been estimated in accordance with the accounting standard regarding fair value. The fair value of the Company’s long-term debt was estimated using discounted cash flow analysis based on estimated current rates for similar types of arrangements. Considerable judgment was required in developing certain of the estimates of fair value, and, accordingly, the estimates presented herein are not necessarily indicative of the amounts that the Company could realize in a current market exchange.
The carrying and fair value of the Company’s debt, excluding unamortized debt issuance costs, are as follows (in thousands):
The carrying value is net of unamortized discount as follows (in thousands):
The entire disclosure for the fair value of financial instruments (as defined), including financial assets and financial liabilities (collectively, as defined), and the measurements of those instruments as well as disclosures related to the fair value of non-financial assets and liabilities. Such disclosures about the financial instruments, assets, and liabilities would include: (1) the fair value of the required items together with their carrying amounts (as appropriate); (2) for items for which it is not practicable to estimate fair value, disclosure would include: (a) information pertinent to estimating fair value (including, carrying amount, effective interest rate, and maturity, and (b) the reasons why it is not practicable to estimate fair value; (3) significant concentrations of credit risk including: (a) information about the activity, region, or economic characteristics identifying a concentration, (b) the maximum amount of loss the entity is exposed to based on the gross fair value of the related item, (c) policy for requiring collateral or other security and information as to accessing such collateral or security, and (d) the nature and brief description of such collateral or security; (4) quantitative information about market risks and how such risks are managed; (5) for items measured on both a recurring and nonrecurring basis information regarding the inputs used to develop the fair value measurement; and (6) for items presented in the financial statement for which fair value measurement is elected: (a) information necessary to understand the reasons for the election, (b) discussion of the effect of fair value changes on earnings, (c) a description of [similar groups] items for which the election is made and the relation thereof to the balance sheet, the aggregate carrying value of items included in the balance sheet that are not eligible for the election; (7) all other required (as defined) and desired information.
Reference 1: http://www.xbrl.org/2003/role/disclosureRef