BASIS OF PRESENTATION, CONSOLIDATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
|3 Months Ended|
Jun. 30, 2020
|Organization, Consolidation and Presentation of Financial Statements [Abstract]|
|BASIS OF PRESENTATION, CONSOLIDATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES||BASIS OF PRESENTATION, CONSOLIDATION AND SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
The condensed consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bristow Group Inc. and its consolidated entities.On January 23, 2020, Era Group Inc. (“Era”), Ruby Redux Merger Sub, Inc., a wholly owned subsidiary of Era (“Merger Sub”) and Bristow Group Inc. (“Old Bristow”) entered into an Agreement and Plan of Merger, as amended on April 22, 2020 (the “Merger Agreement”). On June 11, 2020, the merger (the “Merger”) contemplated by the Merger Agreement was consummated and Merger Sub merged with and into Old Bristow, with Old Bristow continuing as the surviving corporation and as a direct wholly owned subsidiary of Era (the “Merger”). Following the Merger, Era changed its name to Bristow Group Inc. and Old Bristow changed its name to Bristow Holdings U.S. Inc. Unless the context otherwise indicates, in this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, unless the context otherwise requires, references to:
Pursuant to generally accepted accounting principles in the U.S. (“GAAP”), the Merger was accounted for as an acquisition by Old Bristow of Era even though Era was the legal acquirer and remained the ultimate parent of the combined company. As a result, upon the closing of the Merger, Old Bristow’s historical financial statements replaced Era’s historical financial statements for all periods prior to the completion of the Merger, and the financial condition, results of operations, comprehensive income and cash flows of Era have been included in those financial statements since June 12, 2020. Any reference to comparative period disclosures in the Quarterly Report on Form 10Q refers to Old Bristow.
Effective upon the closing of the Merger, the Company changed its fiscal year-end from December 31 to March 31, to correspond with Old Bristow’s fiscal year-end. The Company’s fiscal year ends March 31, and fiscal years are referenced based on the end of such period. Therefore, the fiscal year ending March 31, 2021 is referred to as “fiscal year 2021”.
The condensed consolidated financial information for the three months ended June 30, 2020 (Successor) and 2019 (Predecessor) has been prepared by the Company and has not been audited by its independent registered public accounting firm; however, they include all adjustments of a normal recurring nature which, in the opinion of management, are necessary for a fair presentation of the condensed consolidated balance sheet, the condensed consolidated statements of operations and comprehensive loss, the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows and the condensed consolidated statements of changes in stockholders’ investment and mezzanine equity.
Certain information and footnote disclosures normally included in financial statements prepared in accordance with GAAP in the United States (“U.S.”) have been condensed or omitted from that which would appear in the annual consolidated financial statements. These condensed consolidated financial statements should be read in conjunction with the financial statements and related notes thereto included in the Company’s Current Report on Form 8-K for the fiscal year ended March 31, 2020 (the “fiscal year 2020 Financial Statements”) filed with the Securities and Exchange Commission (the “SEC”) on June 6, 2020, referred to hereafter as the “ Financial Statement Form 8-K”. Operating results for the interim period presented are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the entire fiscal year.
The outbreak of the disease caused by the novel coronavirus (“COVID-19”) caused a significant decrease in oil and natural gas prices resulting from demand weakness and over supply and also caused significant disruptions and volatility in the global marketplace in the first half of calendar year 2020. These conditions are expected to continue for at least the near future. The depressed oil and natural gas price environment was initially exacerbated by decisions by large oil producing countries that have now been altered, but the resolution has not led to a meaningful increase in oil and gas prices which remain below historic averages. For additional information, see Part II Item 1A “Risk Factors” and the “Recent Developments” section of Item 2. Management’s Discussion and Analysis of Financial Condition and Results of Operations (“MD&A”).
Emergence from Voluntary Reorganization under Chapter 11
On May 11, 2019 (the “Petition Date”), Old Bristow and certain of its subsidiaries (collectively the “Debtors”) filed voluntary petitions (the “Chapter 11 Cases”) in the U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Southern District of Texas, Houston Division (the “Bankruptcy Court”) seeking relief under Chapter 11 of Title 11 of the U.S. Code (the “Bankruptcy Code”). The Debtors’ Chapter 11 Cases were jointly administered under the caption In re: Bristow Group Inc., et al., Main Case No. 19-32713. During the pendency of the Chapter 11 Cases, the Debtors continued to operate their businesses and manage their properties as “debtors-in-possession” under the jurisdiction of the Bankruptcy Court and in accordance with the applicable provisions of the Bankruptcy Code and orders of the Bankruptcy Court. On August 1, 2019, the Debtors filed with the Bankruptcy Court their Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization and on August 20, 2019, the Debtors filed their Amended Joint Chapter 11 Plan of Reorganization (as further modified on August 22, 2019, the “Amended Plan”) and the related Disclosure Statement (as further modified on August 22, 2019, the “Amended Disclosure Statement”). On October 8, 2019, the Bankruptcy Court entered an order approving the Amended Disclosure Statement and confirming the Amended Plan. The effective date of the Amended Plan (the “Effective Date”) occurred on October 31, 2019 at which point the Debtors emerged from the Chapter 11 Cases.
Upon Old Bristow’s emergence from bankruptcy, Old Bristow adopted fresh-start accounting in accordance with provisions of the Financial Accounting Standards Board’s (“FASB”) Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) No. 852, “Reorganizations” (“ASC 852”), which resulted in Old Bristow becoming a new entity for financial reporting purposes on the Effective Date. Upon the adoption of fresh-start accounting, the Company’s assets and liabilities were recorded at their fair values as of the fresh-start reporting date, October 31, 2019. As a result of the adoption of fresh-start accounting, Old Bristow’s consolidated financial statements subsequent to October 31, 2019 may not be comparable to the consolidated financial statements prior to October 31, 2019. In this Quarterly Report on Form 10-Q, references to:
Basis of Consolidation
The consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Bristow Group Inc., its wholly and majority-owned subsidiaries and entities that meet the criteria of variable interest entities (“VIEs”) of which the Company is the primary beneficiary. All significant inter-company accounts and transactions are eliminated in consolidation.
The Company recognizes and measures, with certain exceptions, the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed, and non-controlling interests when the acquisition constitutes a change in control of the acquired entity. Shares issued in consideration for a business combination, contingent consideration arrangements and pre-acquisition loss and gain contingencies are all measured and recorded at their acquisition-date fair value. Subsequent changes to fair value of contingent consideration arrangements are generally reflected in earnings. The operating results of entities acquired are included in the accompanying consolidated statements of operations from the date of acquisition. For material acquisitions, the Company typically engages independent appraisers to assist with the determination of the fair value of assets acquired, liabilities assumed, noncontrolling interest, if any, and goodwill or gain on bargain purchase, based on recognized business valuation methodologies. If the initial accounting for the business combination has not concluded by the end of the reporting period in which the acquisition occurs, an estimate will be recorded. The Company may record any material adjustments to the initial estimate based on new information obtained that would have existed as of the date of the acquisition within a year of the acquisition date.
As noted above, on June 11, 2020, the combination of Old Bristow with Era was successfully completed, in an all-stock transaction with Era having issued shares of combined Company Common Stock to Old Bristow’s stockholders. The transaction was accounted for using the acquisition method of accounting in accordance with Accounting Standards Codification (“ASC”) 805, Business Combinations (“ASC 805”). See Note 2 to the condensed consolidated financial statements for further details on the Merger.
As of June 30, 2020 (Successor), restricted cash consisted of $0.8 million reserved for post-bankruptcy emergence related payments and $2.7 million related to Norwegian payroll withholding taxes.
The following table provides a reconciliation of cash, cash equivalents and restricted cash reported within the condensed consolidated balance sheets that sum to the total of the same such amounts shown in the condensed consolidated statements of cash flows (in thousands).
Current Expected Credit Losses (“CECL”)
Customers are primarily international, independent and major integrated exploration, development and production companies, third party helicopter operators and government agencies. The Company designates trade receivables as a single pool of assets based on their short-term nature, similar customer base and risk characteristics. Customers are typically granted credit on a short-term basis, and related credit risks are considered minimal. The Company conducts periodic quantitative and qualitative analysis on historic customer payment trends, customer credit ratings and foreseeable economic conditions. Historically, losses on trade receivables have been immaterial and uncorrelated to each other. Based on these circumstances, the Company decides if additional reserve amounts are needed against the trade receivables asset pool on a case by case basis. Trade receivables are deemed uncollectible and removed from accounts receivable and the allowance for doubtful accounts when collection efforts have been exhausted. As of June 30, 2020 (Successor), the Company did not reserve any additional amounts for CECL.
As of June 30 and March 31, 2020 (Successor), the allowance for doubtful accounts for non-affiliates was $0.4 million and $0.4 million, respectively, and primarily related to a customer in the U.S. Gulf of Mexico. There were no allowances for doubtful accounts related to accounts receivable due from affiliates as of June 30 and March 31, 2020 (Successor).
Prepaid Expenses and Other Current Assets
As of March 31, 2019 (Predecessor), prepaid expenses and other current assets included the short-term portion of contract acquisition and pre-operating costs totaling $9.8 million related to the search and rescue (“SAR”) contracts in the U.K. and two customer contracts in Norway, which were recoverable under the contracts and will be expensed over the terms of the contracts. Old Bristow recorded expenses of $2.4 million for the three months ended June 30, 2019 (Predecessor) related to these contracts. In connection with Old Bristow’s emergence from bankruptcy and the application of ASC 852, the short-term portion of contract acquisition and pre-operating costs was adjusted by $8.8 million to its fair value of zero at the Effective Date.
The Company determines if an arrangement is a lease at inception or during modification or renewal of an existing lease. Operating leases are maintained for a number of fixed assets including aircraft, land, hangars, buildings, fuel tanks and tower sites. The right-of-use (“ROU”) assets associated with these leases are reflected under long-term assets; the current portion of the long-term payables are reflected within current liabilities; and the payables on lease agreements due after one year are recorded under long-term liabilities on the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets. For those contracts with terms of twelve months or less, the lease expense is recognized on a straight-line basis over the lease term and recorded in operating expenses on the statements of operations. As most of the Company’s leases do not provide an implicit rate, the incremental borrowing rate based on the information available at commencement date is used to determine the present value of future payments. Most of the Company’s lease agreements allow the option of renewal or extension, which are contemplated when determining the lease term. When it is reasonably certain that a lease will be extended, this is incorporated into the calculations.
Intangible assets with finite useful lives are amortized over their estimated useful lives to their estimated residual values. The residual value of an intangible asset is generally assumed to be zero, with certain limited exceptions. Finite lived intangible assets are reviewed for recoverability when indicators of impairment are present. Indicators of impairment for finite lived intangible assets are the same as those for impairment of long-lived assets. For finite lived intangible assets, an impairment loss is recognized if the carrying amount of the asset exceeds the undiscounted cash flows projected to be generated by the asset. If the finite lived
intangible asset is impaired, then the amount of the impairment is calculated as the excess of the asset’s carrying amount over its fair value. After an impairment loss is recognized, the adjusted carrying amount of the intangible asset will be its new accounting basis. After adjusting the carrying amount for impairment loss, the Company’s policy requires the reevaluation of the useful life of that asset.
Intangible assets by type were as follows (in thousands, except for years):
Future amortization expense of intangible assets for each of the years ending March 31 (Successor) is as follows (in thousands):
The portion of future amortization expense that will be included in maintenance expense is $14.6 million for the remaining nine months ended March 31, 2021, $12.0 million for fiscal year 2022, $11.5 million for fiscal year 2023, $10.0 million for fiscal year 2024, $9.9 million for fiscal year 2025 and $9.4 million thereafter.
Property and Equipment
The Company periodically reviews useful lives and residual values for changes in circumstances that indicate a change in estimate may be required. Upon emergence from the Chapter 11 Cases, Old Bristow performed a review of useful lives and residual values. As a result of this review, certain changes were made to the useful lives and residual values of aircraft and related equipment. No material changes were made to non-aircraft property, plant and equipment useful lives and residual values. The previous policy stated that estimated useful lives of aircraft generally range from 5 to 15 years, and the residual value used in calculating depreciation of aircraft generally ranged from 30% to 50% of cost. The revised policy will generally utilize a 30 year useful life from the date of manufacture of an aircraft for used aircraft and the in-service date for new aircraft and a residual value range of 5% to 25% of cost. In certain circumstances, the useful lives of aircraft are limited by a 30,000 flight hour restriction on the airframe of an aircraft imposed by certain aircraft manufacturers. These changes in useful lives reflect the Company’s view of expected operating conditions and the economic environment, which suggest the Company will utilize its aircraft for longer than it has historically. The changes in residual values reflect the change made to useful lives and the current expectations of value to be recovered at the time of eventual disposal, based on historical sales data during the decline in the oil and gas industry.
The Company capitalizes betterments and improvements to its aircraft and depreciates such costs over the remaining useful lives of the aircraft. Betterments and improvements increase the life or utility of an aircraft.
The Company evaluates its asset groups for impairment whenever facts or circumstances indicate the carrying value of an asset group may not be recoverable.
Guarantors of Securities
In March 2020, the SEC amended Rule 3-10 and 3-16 of Regulation S-X, CFR 210.1-01 through 210.3-16, regarding financial disclosure requirements for debt securities issued in registered offerings involving subsidiaries of the registrant as either issuers or guarantors. This amended rule narrows the circumstances that require separate financial statements or summarized financial disclosures of issuers and subsidiary guarantors and simplifies the summarized disclosures required in lieu of those statements. Under the new rule, comparative period information is no longer required. As a result of this amended rule, the Company has included narrative disclosures in lieu of separate financial statements. The Company has early adopted this new rule and has elected to provide the simplified disclosure related to its 7.750% Senior Notes due 2022 within the MD&A.
Recent Accounting Pronouncements
The Company considers the applicability and impact of all accounting standard updates (“ASUs”). ASUs not listed below were assessed and determined to be either not applicable or are expected to have minimal impact on the Company’s consolidated financial position or results of operations.
In June 2016, the FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, 2019-04, “Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments” (ASU No. 2016-13), which sets forth the current expected credit loss model, a new forward-looking impairment model for certain financial instruments based on expected losses rather than incurred losses. The ASU is effective for interim and annual periods beginning after December 15, 2019, and early adoption of the standard was permitted. Entities were required to adopt ASU No. 2016-13 using a modified retrospective approach, subject to certain limited exceptions. Upon evaluating the impact of this ASU, the Company concluded that no additional reserves were necessary as historical losses were immaterial, and, based on the qualitative and quantitative analysis performed in accordance with ASC 326 requirements, the Company determined there was no reasonable expectation of credit losses associated with the Company’s trade receivables in the foreseeable future. ASU No. 2016-13 was adopted effective April 1, 2020, and such adoption did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-13, “Fair Value Measurements” (Topic 820) modifying the disclosure requirements on fair value measurements. The amendment modifies, removes, and adds several disclosure requirements on fair value measurements in ASC 820, Fair Value Measurement. The amendment will be effective for the Company in fiscal year 2022, and early adoption is permitted. The Company has not yet adopted this accounting guidance and is currently evaluating the effect this accounting guidance will have on its disclosure requirements. This disclosure requirement was adopted effective April 1, 2020 prospectively, and such adoption did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In August 2018, the FASB modified ASU No. 2018-14, “Compensation—Retirement Benefits—Defined Benefit Plans” (Subtopic 715-20), for changes to disclosure requirements for employers that sponsor defined benefit pension plans. Certain disclosure requirements were removed and certain disclosure requirements were added. The amendment also clarifies disclosure requirements for projected benefit obligations and accumulated benefit obligations in excess of respective plan assets. The amendment is effective beginning in the Company’s fiscal year 2021 financial statements, and early adoption is permitted. This disclosure requirement was adopted effective April 1, 2020 by removing the weighted-average expected long-term rate of return on assets in this Quarterly Report. Annual disclosure requirements will be reflected in the Annual Report.
In August 2018, the FASB issued ASU No. 2018-15, “Intangibles-Goodwill and Other-Internal-Use Software” (Subtopic
350-40), providing guidance that addresses the accounting for implementation costs associated with a hosted service. The guidance provides that implementation costs be evaluated for capitalization using the same criteria as that used for internal-use software development costs, with amortization expense being recorded in the same income statement expense line as the hosted service costs and over the expected term of the hosting arrangement. The amendment is effective beginning in fiscal year 2021 financial statements, and early adoption is permitted. The guidance will be applied either retrospectively or prospectively to all implementation costs incurred after the date of adoption. This disclosure requirement was adopted effective April 1, 2020 prospectively, and such adoption did not have a material impact on its condensed consolidated financial statements.
In October 2018, the FASB amended ASU No. 2018-17, “Targeted Improvements to Related Party Guidance for Variable Interest Entities” (Topic 810), the guidance for determining whether a decision-making fee is a variable interest. The amendments
require organizations to consider indirect interests held through related parties under common control on a proportional basis rather than as the equivalent of a direct interest in its entirety (as currently required in generally accepted accounting principles). Therefore, these amendments likely will result in more decision makers not consolidating VIEs. This amendment is effective beginning in the Company’s fiscal year 2021 financial statements, and early adoption is permitted. This disclosure requirement was adopted effective April 1, 2020, and such adoption did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-03, “Codification Improvements to Financial Instruments”, which makes improvements to financial instruments guidance. The standard is effective immediately for certain amendments and for fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2019. This accounting guidance was adopted effective April 1, 2020, and such adoption did not have a material impact on the condensed consolidated financial statements.
Not Yet Adopted
In December 2019, the FASB issued ASU No. 2019-12, “Income Taxes” (Topic 740), new guidance to simplify the accounting for income taxes, which eliminates certain exceptions for recognizing deferred taxes for investments, performing intraperiod allocation and calculating income taxes in interim periods. This ASU also includes guidance to reduce complexity in certain areas, including recognizing deferred taxes for tax goodwill and allocating taxes to members of a consolidated group. The standard will be effective for the Company in fiscal year 2022 and early adoption is permitted. The Company is currently assessing the impact of ASU 2019-12 on its consolidated financial statements.
In January 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-01, “Investments-Equity Securities” Topic 321, “Investments-Equity Method and Joint Ventures” Topic 323 and “Derivatives and Hedging” Topic 815 (ASU No. 2020-01) as an update to ASU No. 2016-01 “Financial Instruments-Overall”, further clarifying certain interactions between the guidance to account for certain equity securities under Topic 321, 323 and 815, and improve current GAAP by reducing diversity in practice and increasing comparability of accounting. The standard will be effective for the Company in fiscal year 2022, and early adoption is permitted. The Company has not yet adopted this accounting guidance and is currently evaluating the effect this accounting guidance will have on its financial statements.
In March 2020, the FASB issued ASU No. 2020-04, “Reference Rate Reform” (Topic 848). The guidance is intended to provide optional expedients and exceptions for applying GAAP to contracts, hedging relationships and other transactions to ease the financial reporting burdens related to the expected market transition from the London Interbank Offered Rate (“LIBOR”) and other interbank offered rates to alternative reference rates. This guidance is effective for the Company in fiscal year 2022. The Company has not yet adopted this accounting guidance and is currently evaluating the effect this accounting guidance will have on its financial statements.
The entire disclosure for the basis of presentation and significant accounting policies concepts. Basis of presentation describes the underlying basis used to prepare the financial statements (for example, US Generally Accepted Accounting Principles, Other Comprehensive Basis of Accounting, IFRS). Accounting policies describe all significant accounting policies of the reporting entity.
Reference 1: http://fasb.org/us-gaap/role/ref/legacyRef